Archive for the ‘Philip Barbieri’ Category

Lancaster Exhibition Building- Lancaster County Fair Association/ Brunswick Hotel Elevation Plans

March 9, 2012

Refined Research Topic after visiting The Lancaster Preservation Trust:

This week I made my first appearance to The Lancaster Preservation Trust, I was able to scan through many different building in Lancaster, floor plans, directional shots of each building, and also maps of the dimensions of each building. The first building I found most interesting by C. Emlen Urban was his construction of The Exhibition Building for the Lancaster County Fair Association. After flipping through many drawings, I acquired the floor plan, longitudinal section, side sections C and D, the South side elevation and the West end elevation of the building. After recovering these drawings after my first visit to the Preservation Trust, I will now identify the how Beaux- Art architecture is incorporated in to the Lancaster Exhibition Building as well as the Brunswick Hotel.

Below is the Beaux Art Architecture in each of the drawing analyzed:

Lancaster Exhibition Building-Lancaster County Fair Association- Longitudinal Section, C. Emlen Urban

  1. First indication of Beaux Art style is the consistent trabeated structure in the foundation of the building, not including the doorways or window wells.
  2. Beaux Art contains columns as we see in the longitudinal section supporting the 3×8 rafters and the upper window structure.
  3. Building appears to be symmetrical
  4. Flat roof structure which enables support of flag pole.
  5. The Lancaster Exhibition Building has a raised first story where most activity takes place.
  6. Beaux Art requires multi story buildings which the Lancaster Exhibition Building requires.
  7. The Arched windows and doorways are found on the C-C side section of the Lancaster Exhibition Building.
  8. The D-D section of the building, which is the opposite of the C-C section, does not incorporate arched windows or doorways.

Lancaster Exhibition Building-Lancaster County Fair Association- South End Elevation, C. Emlen Urban

  1. South Side Elevation doorway area represents most of the Beaux Art architecture on this elevation of the building.
  2. Arched structure canopying over the doorway area (function-> cover from weather conditions).
  3. Arched soffit structure above arched doorway structure (function -> propel water away from standing area).
  4. South side elevation drawing represents symmetrical building structure as well.
  5. This elevation also has an elevated first story (function-> building traffic and public activity).
  6. The elevation also demonstrates a multi story structure.
  7. Middle addition of this elevation also has  a flat roof structure.
  8. Both ends of this elevation disobey the Beaux Art structure because they contain angular roof structures.
  9. However, both end additions to contain arched window and doorway structures with incorporates the Beaux Art architecture of these sections of the elevation plan.

Lancaster Exhibition Building- Lancaster County Fair Association- West End Elevation, C. Emlen Urban

  1. Condensed blueprint of the Lancaster Exhibition Building
  2. Arched roof structure, and soffits incorporates the Beaux Art Structure of the middle section of the building.
  3. Circular Window Structure above the arched doorway is also a familiar concept in Beaux Art architecture.
  4. Arched concrete structure over arches doorway (function-> decoration purposes).
  5. Raised first story, also incorporates multi stories on this elevation map.
  6. Both side section of this elevation plan incorporate Beaux Art architecture by constructing arched doorways, and repeated arched window structure in both sections.
  7. End sections disobey Beaux Art structure, use angular roof structure rather than flat roof structure.
  8. The dome/pavilion top portion is also very relevant in Beaux Art structuring of building.
  9. The middle section of the elevation map also disobeys the Beaux Art structure by using angular roof structure on the elevated first story as well as the multiple stories above.

Lancaster Exhibition Building-Lancaster County Fair Association- Floor Plan, C. Emlen Urban

(May not need, but shows dimension/ materials used for the building)

  1. 3×8 rafters, top and bottom of elevation.
  2. In between each set of rafters lies a repeated section of trabeated structured windows.
  3. Base platform uses pillars to support the rafter and window structure in the stories above.
  4. Concrete footing to support a strong foundationà Cement floor plan for sufficient surface.

Lancaster Brunswick Hotel Elevation Plan Drawing

  1. Arced doorway structureà elevates first story for hotel guest traffic.
  2. Incorporates Beaux Art multi story concept (functionà expanded rooms for guests).
  3. Incorporates Beaux Art flat roof-like structure.
  4. Uses trabeated window structure halfway up the elevation of the building (Middle Class Rooms).
  5. Top portion of the Brunswick incorporates arched window structure revealing the Beaux Art structure. Arched window structure demonstrates dominance (Upper Class Rooms).
  6.   Soffit incorporated on the flat roof structure, extended outwards from building, acts as a canopy to propel water away from the doorway below.

Research Proposal

March 2, 2012


Research topic/Idea:

For my final research paper of Master Builders, I will analyze and discuss Emlen Urban’a supervised construction of the Lancaster Trust Building and the designs of New York firm of York & Sawyer. A major type of architecture that was incorporated in both Lancaster City and New York is the Beaux-art theme. What I will be analyzing is the significance and similarities the Beaux-art architectural theme and the connection it shares with architectural developments in specific buildings in both Lancaster and New York City.

What is Beaux-Art Architecture?

In French, beaux art means fine arts, this style of architecture flourished between the years 1885-1920. For an architectural development to be considered Beaux- art , the building must have a flat roof, Multiple stories, a raised first story, arched windows, arched doorways, symmetrical. Lastly, the beaux- art theme incorporates sculpture and statuary murals used to identify a building. Columns or pillars may be incorporated as well.

Beaux-Art in New York:  Penn Station, Grand Central Station, NYU Institute of Fine Arts

Beaux-Art in Lancaster:  Hager Building,   Rhoads Mansion, Lancaster Trust


I plan to investigate specific buildings in the cities of Lancaster and New York by architects such as C. Emlen Urban and York & Sawyer, and how their Beaux-art designs articulates specific characteristics in each city.

York & Sawyer:

York and Sawyer were predominantly a Beaux-art architectural organization. The business was run by a partnership of two men, Edward York and Philip Sawyer. In 1898 both of these men established their business in New York City and began to become known for many of their outstanding structures. At the time, York & Sawyer became very popular in the construction of hospitals and banks. Both of these men trained in McKim, Mead and White.

“York and Sawyer.” Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 26 Feb. 2012. Web. 01 Mar. 2012.

McKim, Mead & White:

This was one of the most prominent architectural videos in the twentieth century.  The architectural firm has three partners who were Charles Mckim, William Mead and Stanford White. This specific firm was major training grounds for prominent architects, designers and draftsmen.

“McKim, Mead & White.” Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 26 Feb. 2012. Web. 01 Mar 2012.

Primary Sources Thus Far: (Absent day of Lancaster Trust- not included in sources yet)

“Beaux Arts New York: The City in the Gilded Years.” Alibris. Web. 01 Mar. 2012. 

Partners for Sacred Places: Home. Web. 01 Mar. 2012. 

“McKim, Mead & White.” Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 26 Feb. 2012. Web. 01 Mar 2012.

“York and Sawyer.” Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 26 Feb. 2012. Web. 01 Mar. 2012.

Weekly Objectives:

Week 1- Visit Lancaster Trust for the first time and make connections with York Sawyer firm. Also, visit the preservation trust and analyze the specific paintings dealing with my research topic.

Week 2- Tour Lancaster and make connections to building in New York; also, visit the New York City office in Lancaster for information on buildings.

Week3- Construct thesis for paper and begin laying out the format and organization of the research paper with the information found at Lancaster Trust, Preservation Trust, and other buildings visited.

The Griest Tower

February 17, 2012


The Griest Tower is the only skyscraper in all of Lancaster City so it has a function for being so tall. As you notice, the Griest Tower has many satellite receptors on the roof of the building. The reason for these could be to provide the general public with cell phone reception or connection for their wireless devices. Also, as you can see, the building is divided into three parts. The first floor is two stories tall; this is significant because this is where most of the activity goes during the busy hours of the day. The ground level of the Griest Tower now serves as a bank to the public so the extra room on the first floor can serve as a comfortable setting for bank users. From the exterior, the middle portion of the building appears to serve as offices for the bank. The function of the offices may be for different branches of the banking system. The top portion of the Griest Tower is also a combined two stories tall. The unique arched window structure makes this section of the building standout; this room may be for someone of importance being on the top of the Griest Tower.


The firmitas of the Griest Tower is clearly visible by analyzing the exterior of the building. The bottom levels of the Griest Tower are made from Limestone; this provides a sturdy foundation for the building to sit on. At all bottom entrances of the Griest Tower there are arc shaped doorways with columns on each side giving the bottom portion of the building a Roman look. This skyscraper is also noticeably symmetrical and the structural system is trabeated. The column structures on the bottom portion of the building look to serve as support beams for the building section above. The Griest Tower is separated into three parts all in which are box structured.


The venustas of an architectural development defines the beauty of the building in all aspects of its architectural designs. There is a lot of beauty in the Limestone giving it the look of traditional Lancaster. Also, the ten foot doors with the arched doorways give the tower a Roman look. The columns next to the doorways do not only serve as support beams for the section above but for decoration as well. Even though the building is very old from its stone structure, many of the architectural designs on the doorways and windows make the building appear younger.


Appel-Wolff Tombstone

February 3, 2012

Appel- Wolff tombstone:

The tombstone I was assigned for my project belongs to Theodore Appel and his wife Susan Wolff. This happily married couple shared four wonderful children; two of them appear on the same gravestone as the mother and father. Their youngest son, Bernard Wolff is located on the left side of the tombstone, and their daughter Charlotte Wolff is located on the right side.

Theodore Appel was born on April, 30th 1823. He was one of thirteen in his family coming from a German and British Origin. When Theodore was eight years old he earned a degree from Marshall College in the year 1842. In 1850 he became a pastor of the Reformed church in Mercersburg and a professor of both Mathematics and philosophy at Marshall College. The school was then moved to Lancaster to form a union with Franklin College.  Theodore moved to Lancaster soon to become a faculty member of the new Franklin and Marshall College. Throughout his career, Theodore published numerous book and texts, Dr. Appel also received a doctor’s degree from the University of Penn.

Susan Wolff was born on April 14, 1854. Susan was a housewife in Lancaster while Theodore took on his teaching occupation at Franklin and Marshall College. F&M is in possession of a diary that belonged to Susan constructing stay at home mothers how to be a great housewife. The diary includes various writings and newspaper articles on how to be a good housewife. The book also included many culinary recipes for mothers to carry on to their families. Susan was the mother of four lovely children Charlotte, Elizabeth, Bernard and Theodore.

North Prince St. 2-30

February 3, 2012

North Prince 2-30

My task in the exercise was to examine the Northern face of Prince Street in Lancaster, Pennsylvania from a 1929 Sanborn Fire Insurance map found in our library archives. I have researched and created a 3D model of this city block located at the corner of King and North Prince Street. In 1929, there were fairly small buildings in the region, besides the Fulton Opera House, which took up a majority of the landscape on this specific block. Located on the Sanborn Map, North Prince Street consisted of commercial bay brick buildings, most of them were apartments or retail stores. The buildings along this block consisted of a flat roof, parapeted roofline, and polygonal windows on the second floor with tripartite windows on the first floor. The buildings all originate from stone foundations. Later in my research, I then looked at the Sanborn maps from 1886, 1891 and 1912 to compare these dates with the 1929 map to create a chronology of the architectural developments.

The Sanborn map from 1886 shows many differences from the map in 1929. Architecture buildings 12-30 demonstrate most of the differences on North Prince in the year 1886. The Fulton Opera House is known as Fulton Hall in this year and is nearly half its size. The front portion of the building in 1929 does not even exist in this map only the back half of the building appears present. An addition may have been put on in the later years to expand the property due to its attractions. Buildings 18-30 are also missing significant chunks of their building in the map of 1886. Shown in the map of 1929, you can see additions were put on these buildings as well, the new space added to these buildings were used for extra apartment building and excess space for retail stores. Many of the building in the 1929 map stretch back to the edge of North Water St, in the 1886 map, there appears to be a vacant lot behind buildings 18-30.

In the map from 1891, many of the building appear to be very similar to the architectural buildings shown in the map of 1886 besides a few minor adjustments. Fulton Hall is now known as the Fulton Opera House, but still remains the same exact dimensions. Behind buildings 18-26 in the 1891 map, it appears that a few tiny office building may have been constructed to accommodate for all of the action taking place inside the Fulton Opera House. The buildings to the right of the block, 26-30, all appear the same in the architectural design without any noticeable advancement.

The map of 1912 closely resembles the one from 1929 out of all three maps we have broken down and analyzed. The Fulton Opera House appears to have a frontal addition added to the building, allowing it to take up a vast majority of North Prince Street and extending all the way back to the edge of North Water St. Buildings 18-30 have also acquired additions, making them stretch from North Prince St. to North Water St. as well. Where there was once plenty of open space behind these buildings now lays additions to expand the building size. The offices that were inserted in the year 1891 appear to be gone because it was in the way of the additions of buildings 18-26.

The present day block of North Prince Street surprisingly does not seem to have many changes from the 18 and 19 century. Many of the buildings still have the same layout as they did in the Sanborn map from the year 1912. The Fulton Opera House is still located exactly in the same spot but now has become the Fulton Theatre for live shows. At the beginning of the block, building number 2, what use to be living area is now a boy scout’s arena. Building number 30 use to be a retail store in the late 18th and early 19th century is now a Firestone Auto store. Although these buildings may have been taken over by many different owners over these years, the architecture of the buildings are still intact and appear as they did hundreds of years ago.

2- North Prince

The venustas of the first building on the block is very old time looking. The exterior of the building appears to be made of concrete which enable us to judge the age of this building. The frontal staircases of the building show this old school look demonstrating what traditional Lancaster use to look like. The bottom section of this building looks like it was used as a store and the top was used for living arrangements. The beauty of this building is also that it can be used for multi purposes for living and occupational purposes. The rooftop of this building has a unique structure, incorporating two windows with a pavilion type rooftop.

4-6-North Prince

The venustas of the second building on the block has a boxlike structure and is made from brick. The beauty of this building is also its ability to be used for two different purposes. This building also has a very unique roof structure. The color of the roof almost matches the color the brick on the building which gives it a nice matching effect. The brick on this building is also a lot cleaner than its surrounding buildings which enable us to determine the age of the building.

12-14 North Prince

The venustas of the Fulton Theater is the most beautiful on the entire block, and is also the biggest building on the block. The Fulton Theater has a Greek, cathedral type look to it with its tall arc window structure and the grouped window pattern. The overhang above the sidewalk is also very old giving this building the traditional Lancaster look and the old time theater vibe. The roof structure on this building is also very beautiful, many of the buildings on this block have similar pavilion like rooftop. The peaked rooftop also makes this building dominant on the block because it is the first attraction to the naked eye of the citizens.

22 North Prince

The venustas of this building is also very unique in terms of the other buildings surrounding it. The first thing I take notice to is the balconies outside each of the double windows. The balconies give the building a more townie feeling being exposed to the public on the side walk. This is another building in which the roof structure is very different from many of the other buildings in Lancaster. This building is a bit more modern and has a more modern type roof structure. The odd roof structure is strictly for decoration while the brick works as the roof.

26-28 North Prince

The venustas of this building is also very traditional in the way the windows are shaped with the structure of the brick. The windows are square and boxlike, but the brick design around the windows is in the form of an arc. This is another building that can be used for occupational purposed on the bottom and for living arrangements above, the beauty is found in the purpose of the building. Also, like other buildings on this block, the rooftop has is pavilion look which not many other blocks have in terms of beauty and structure.