Archive for the ‘Melissa Doherty’ Category

Southern Market: 100 South Queen Street

February 23, 2012


Ut
ilitas:

Southern Market was completed in September 1888 and constructed by C. Emlen Urban, representing his first major commission for a large-scale building. Originally, the two freestanding houses that occupied the lot were built for Urban’s father and uncle, but were sold in 1877. The function of a market house, in general, was to serve as a marketplace on the street level, to serve public functions on the upper floors, and to support a stable society. Because of Lancaster’s rich farmland, market houses were built in each quadrant of the city, in conjunction with a central market. In 1887, a committee was formed called the Farmer’s Southern Market House Company, created by businessmen interested in establishing a market in the city’s southern section. The presence of an overhanging eave, spanning the length of the building’s east façade, infers an outdoor venue for vendors, which was a common element for any market house. The four sets of doors and windows, located on the same side, facing South Queen Street, suggest an allure to passersby and an entryway accessible for a mass amount of people. Two terra cotta heads of a ram and a bull represent this building’s specific function, as a market. From my observations, it’s vast levels and multiple stories made it the perfect venue for its unique purpose. Although the building is still clearly labeled “Farmers Southern Market” and “Southern Market Center,” it no longer functions as so. Since the late 1980s, when the city closed the market, after it had been running for 98 years prior, it has housed Lancaster’s Visitors Bureau, offices and Council Chambers.

Firmitas:

Southern Market’s structure consists of a three-story 90-foot wide head house, facing South Queen Street and a two-story market house that extends 250 feet along West Vine Street, atthe corner of South Queen and West Vine. The building is made of red brick, slate, stone, and wood. Corbelled brickwork is also present along the cornice and the center gable includes the date, “1888,” within the triangular pediment. This represents the year in which the building was completed. Two terra cotta heads of a ram and bull are displayed within roundels, at the third-floor level, showing the building’s distinct function. It has a symmetrical façade that is divided by brick pilasters into bays.  The two towers, which are placed evenly on both sides of the center gable, have shed dormers and pyramid-shaped roofs, each topped with iron finials. Along the elevation, the structure’s arched roof visibly spans the entire building. The overhanging eave that spans along the east façade of the building is made of wood and serves to shield pedestrians.


Venustas:

Similar to some of Urban’s other buildings, Southern Market was built in the Queen Anne style (a building with “free renaissance details”), which is distinctively emphasized in the dominant front-facing gable, towers, and overhanging eaves. It also has many Victorian elements, such as its brickwork, windows and corner towers. Because of such elements being present in many of his projects, it was inferred that Urban was inspired by Victorian pattern books. Based on my observations,I would characterize the building as formal because it has a divisive plan and a symmetrical structure.

Elevation:

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6-28 East Orange Street

February 3, 2012

For this exercise, I was assigned the city block along East Orange Street, between North Queen Street and North Christian Street. This included 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18, 20, 22, 24, 26, and 28 East Orange Street.

 

6-10 East Orange St. (corner of East Orange St. and North Queen St.)

1886: Bookstore

1891: 6 East Orange St. – Tailor; 8-10 East Orange St. – Cigar Store.

1912: 6 East Orange St. -Dentist Office (Hill Dental Co, Jacob C. Bolton propr/Ralph W. Mellinger, dentist.); 8 East Orange St. – Jeweler (Eugene H. Keller); 10 East Orange St. – Real Estate Office (De Haven & Butts), Lancaster Machine and Structure Works, Chamber of Commerce: Lancaster Leaf Tob Board of Trade/Lancaster Leaf Tob Growers Association.

1925: Stores

Present: Rite Aid

12-16 East Orange St.

1886: Drug Store

1891: Drug Store (same as 1886)

1912: 12 East Orange St. – Tailor and Postal Telegraph Cable Company; 14 East Orange St. – Art Store: Darmstaetter’s Photo Supplies; 16 East Orange St. – United States Express Company; By this time, a third story was added to the building, and the upper two floors of all three street addresses (12, 14 and 16 East Orange St.) consisted of offices.

1925: 12 East Orange St. – Office; 14 East Orange St. – Store with offices on the upper levels; 16 East Orange St. – Store with offices on the upper floors.

Present:  Restaurant with office spaces on upper floors.

18-22 East Orange St.

1886: Horse Collar Factory

1891:  Carpet Factory

1912: Meeting hall; On other floors: 18 East Orange St. – Dentist (W.H. Lowell) and Apartments (Bair & Witmer); 20 East Orange St. – Apartments (Hupper Apartments); 22 East Orange St. – Residence of J.K. Baer.

1925: Stores; Apartment flats on the upper floors.

Present: Store

Four Story, four bay brick Colonial Revival commercial building; flat roof with brick parapet; keystoned lintels; tapestry brick in common bond; present storefront added c. 1960, replaces original storefront.

24 East Orange St.

Built in 1870

1886: Drug Store

1891: Drug Store (same as 1886)

1912: Opticians Office (Rues & Crawford)

1925: Store

Present: Cell Phone Retailer; Office spaces on upper floors.

Two story, three bay brick house; corbelled cornice; first floor altered by non-original storefront.

26-28 East Orange St.

1886: Synagogue

1891: Synagogue (same as 1886)

1912: Dance Hall and Theatre. At this time, 26-28 East Orange St. was expanded further down North Christian St., presumably to make room for the stage shown in that location, on the 1912 map.

1925: Orange Street Opera House

Present: Orange Street Opera House

Two story, three bay golden brick opera house (offices); flat roof; encircling balustrade at roofline; modillioned cornice; round arched double windows on second floor with terra cotta and pressed metal trim; first floor has been altered by “colonial” windows added in 1975; built on site of a synagogue.

Frederick Coonley tombstone

February 3, 2012

Although it was a bit difficult for us to find a lot of specific information on Frederick Coonley, we were able to piece together a bit of his history through his bloodline and we found a close match with a person that resembled the dates on our tombstone.

Frederick W. Coonley (the Second) lived on the corner of Charlotte Street and Harrisburg pike, approximately in 351 W James.  He was born July 14th, 1830 and died September 1, 1879 at the age of 49.  He was a brick manufacturer who later sold his plant to a Mr. Poutz, but even after the sale, he continued to engage in contracting and building.  Up until his death, Frederick owned a large amount of real estate.  He was married twice, first to Johanna Oxford and again after her death to Susan Emore (of Reading, PA).  To our knowledge, he had one son, Frederick W. Coonley (the third) who later on moved to reading and established a bakery and a smoked meat business and ended up becoming a successful business man.

Domi Fils-Aime & Melissa Doherty