York & Sawyer/ Brunswick Hotel- Beaux- Art


My objective for my research this week was to meet with Chris and Mike at the special collection archive room to discover more information about C. Emlen Urban, and one of his most famous architectural designs, the Brunswick Hotel. Thus far in my research I have visited the Lancaster Preservation Trust to take notes and pictures of the different floor plans of the Brunswick Hotel. I know am able to gather historical information on the architect and the historical buildings in Martin Library that will demonstrate the accurate information I need.  I will also be thoroughly discussing the Lancaster Trust Company and how York and Sawyer used their architectural tactics to design this building.

37-41 North Market Street; 1911; four story brick bank, large lunette windows on the east and west ends, built from designs of York and Sawyer of New York City and the C. Emlen Urban of Lancaster, by contractor Herman Wohlsen, this section of Market Street was added onto the original 1889 Lancaster Trust Building on North Queen Street, now gone; the Lancaster Trust Company was the only major Lancaster County bank to fail during the depression.

One of C. Emlen Urban’s architectural designs sits on the corner of Northeast Chestnut and North Queen Street, standing directly next to the YMCA building which both appear very similarly alike.  Now that I have discovered direct  and historical information the primitive buildings in Lancaster that deal with my project, I am know able to visit the University of Penn archives, to discover the work of York & Sawyer on these buildings.

C, Emlen Urban’s Brunswick Hotel was demolished in July 1965. This was not the first time the building was destroyed. It was once earlier built in the 1800’s. First built in the late 1800’s, the building was demolished in the first decade of the 1900’s in order for urban to recreate the building in his famous architectural style. Urban’s design and architectural plan incorporated, the Eight-story Brunswick Hotel was built in two stages. First, a seven-bay western portion was completed in 1915 and a completely eastern portion was finished in 1920. Urban employed his signature Beaux Art stlye to the building. Additionally he used rusticated on the ground floors, carved keystones and window lintels along with decorative cartouches lines the eighth floor cornice. The Brunswick was a hotel of beauty and Lancaster finest luxury hotel. Unfortunately, the Brunswick was once again destroyed in 1966. There has been talk of building a more modern version of the Brunswick Hotel, but the historical beauty of the hotel would not do its justice.

My objective for the upcoming week is to meet with Tom and discuss the University of  Penn archives and dissect different works of York & Sawyer.


Historical Preservation Trust of Lancaster County:  Our presents and past: an update of Lancaster’s Heritage. Lancaster. Pa.: Historical Preservation Trust, 1985.

Lancaster’s Architectural Heritage, http://cityoflancasterpa.com/lancastercity/cwp,browse.asp?a=869To Build Strong and Substantial.

Our Present Past (Historical blurbs on all of the architectural buildings in lancaster since the late 1800s.)


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