Research Week #2


Research Proposal #2
First Objective of Research:

Wanting to gather more knowledge on the drawings I had decided to analyze, I made a visit to Lancaster Preservation Trust to provide a solution for any problems a may have ran into the first time I visited the Preservation Trust. My first visit to the Preservation Trust was without the class so I was forced to venture through the drawling myself without getting the feedback of my fellow student. However, during my second visit to the Preservation Trust I was able to note many of my peers opinions and dissections of each drawing plan which I was not accessible to before. Opening only a few more drawling planes, my main focus was to focus more on the several document plans of The Lancaster Exhibition Building –County Fair Association to discover the construction of this building by architect, C. Emlen Urban. Although, C. Emlen Urban was one were the greatest known architects around the world, and especially in the city of Lancaster. We must know that many of his ideas and designs were adopted from the New York Firm, York & Sawyer. York & Sawyer were very well trained architects who were highly known for the exquisite Beaux-Art designs in the great New York City.


Second Objective of Research: Lancaster Brunswick Hotel Elevation Plan Drawing

While visiting the Lancaster Preservation Trust a second time, I was also able to sit down and carefully analyze the elevation plan of the Brunswick hotel. A lot of my research for this week was analyzing this building rather than the several other building I am analyzing as well.  Continually look over the elevation plans of the hotel; I began to discover the utilitas of the construction of the building. Beaux- Art designs often have an elevated first story. In this case, since we are analyzing a hotel, the raised first floor obviously is different from the floor above because this is where most activity takes makes in the hotel during the busy hours of the day, Over the arched doorway and above the building right before the roofline, soffits were incorporated to protect the people from any form of precipitation if they are staying in the hotel. Obviously, the functions of the multiple floors above the raised first story are maximized vacancy locations to expand the number of guests the hotel is able to handle.

Only being provided with the elevation plans at the Lancaster Preservation Trust, the firmitas of the building was very difficult to articulate because of the quality/age of the elevation plans. However, the venustas of the Brunswick hotel is demonstrated clearly visible in its floor plan. The Brunswick hotel incorporates arched window and doorway openings which demonstrate the Beaux Art design. The main doorway into the Brunswick is a very unique typed doorway; the arc is actually extended from the foundation of the building and made with brick. This is another Beaux-Art design that is rarely seen which makes the building beautiful. The soffits are also considered a beautiful asset to the building because of its purpose. Soffits often act as fake venustas because they look professional on the building, but their main purpose is to propel rain and other precipitation away from the building.

York & Sawyer:

York and Sawyer were predominantly a Beaux-art architectural organization. The business was run by a partnership of two men, Edward York and Philip Sawyer. In 1898 both of these men established their business in New York City and began to become known for many of their outstanding structures. At the time, York & Sawyer became very popular in the construction of hospitals and banks. Both of these men trained in McKim, Mead and White.

McKim, Mead & White:

This was one of the most prominent architectural videos in the twentieth century.  The architectural firm has three partners who were Charles Mckim, William Mead and Stanford White. This specific firm was major training grounds for prominent architects, designers and draftsmen.

Next week research objective: My plan during next week is to walk through some of the buildinga that exist in Lancaster today that attain the Beaux- Art designs and architecture and how they are compatible to the the building/ elevation plans I am analyzing in my research project. Also, I would like to discover what architectural tactics C. Elmen Urban adopted from the York & Sawyer firm and how affected they were in his designing.


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