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Research Proposal

 

Hypothesis:

The change in ownership of the building space brought about changes aesthetically and structurally.

With several changes in ownership came several changes with the appearance of the exterior and interior of a building. Over the passed century (1900s – 2000s), the following buildings have transformed with a change in socio-economic factors. Buildings are a way to understand our history and culture. Additionally, these structures go through physical changes which have been captured by sources like; Sanborn Maps, blueprints and architectural drawings. With the help of ‘Google Sketch up’, I would like develop a three- dimensional rendering, to explore the interdependence of the Vitruvian triad in the following block.

Main Idea:

To make the viewer of the rendering experience the transformation of the building program over three time periods; 1886,1926, 2012.

Plan:

-3D rendering of building block (N. Market Street, W. Orange Street and N. Queen Street)

-Rendering developed over three time periods – 1886, 1926 and 2012 (present)

-With the help of Sanborn maps and blue prints from the Lancaster Historical Society, I can decipher how the change in the utilitas changed the buildings firmitas. (eg: wall partitions, number of rooms and so on)

-In the same way, through the help of photographic evidence of the block, I want to decipher how the change in the buildings utilitas changed the buildings venustas. This change is usually visible on the first floor of the building.

As I delve into the problem of deciphering the interdependence of the Vitruvian triad in the real world, I will also need to look at the assemblage of materials; materials used, added and subtracted. The materials used can be found in the reference key of the Sanborn insurance maps. Additionally, the materials visible on the exterior of the building would have transformed over the years, further making it possible to visualize the interdependence of utilitas, venustas and firmitas.

The Sanborn maps also help in overall dimensions of the following buildings. This will help me create three-dimensional renderings of each building with accurate measurements giving the viewer a feel of the actual scale of the building. This

 

-The following are the buildings to be covered:

N.Queen, W.Orange Street and N. Market Street

Long horizontal buildings stretching from one street to another occupy these three streets.

 

26 – West Orange Street

This building first appears on the map of 1886 at the intersection of West Orange and North Market street. The 1886-1912 plan shows the 3 storied building to be divided in two unequal parts. However, the 1929 plan does not represent a dividing wall in its plan. A home decor shop ‘Pappagallo’ occupies it.

 

51- North Market Street

The dimensions of this space have remained the same since it appeared first on the map of 1886. However, a tobacco company sign first appears on the map of 1891. Over the years, in 1912, it becomes a cigar factory and in 1929 becomes a garage. The building remains a two stories structure since 1886.

 

49, 43 – North Market Street (44 – 50 N. Queen Street)

Through the years between 1886 and 1897, there appears to be a gap between the building walls of 51 North Market and 49 North Market street. However, looking at the 1929 map, the gap has been covered by extension of 49 N Market street. In 1891, the building appears to be functioning as a tobacco factory called, ‘C.G.Herr’. Subsequently the C.G. Herr was taken over by ‘Reilly Bro’s and Raub Wholesale and Retail Hardware’. The building took over 43 N Market and in order had a bigger store as it extended through the block to 44 N Queen- 50 N Queen street.

 

33, 35 – North Market Street

This building first appears in the map of 1886 under the name, ‘liver’, found at the intersection of W. Grant and N. Market street. In 1897, it was called the Germania Turnverain Building and is still four stories high. Further in 1929, the building functioned as a printing company on the first and second floor and as storage on the fourth floor.

 

Schedule:

 

Week 7: Gather evidence; Photographs, blue prints and architectural drawings for 1886- Start developing rendering in sketch up for this year.

 

Week 8: Complete rendering for this year. *

 

Week 9: Gather evidence; Photographs, blue prints and architectural drawings for 1926- Start developing rendering in sketch up for this year.

 

Week 10: Complete rendering for this year. *

 

Week 11: Gather evidence; Photographs, blue prints and architectural drawings for 2012- Start developing rendering in sketch up for this year.

 

Week 12: Complete rendering for this year. *

 

*The next two weeks, I will utilize Grant Smith’s research of his hand- sketched drawings for the above-mentioned block. This will help me to include measured architectural elements like windows, doors and emergency exits into the three- dimensional rendering giving a sense of space and identity of the respective building programs.

 

 

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