Primary sources explored and changed final Project.


After taking a trip to the Lancaster Historical Preservation trust, and discussing with Professor Kourelis, I have decided to go a slightly different way in my research project. Originally, I had planned to construct a 3D model of the Greist tower and analyze its aesthetic beauty and significance in Lancaster. However, I came to find that there are no surviving blueprints and architectural documents on this amazing building. Fortunately, After going to the Preservation trust and analyzing many different blue prints and buildings constructed by Emlen Urban, I found a building that I thought was very interested and I would like to pursue in my research. This building is the Brunswick hotel, which designed by Urban, no longer exists.

The Hotel Brunswick has been a part of Lancaster since 1776 but there have been major renovations and rebuilds over the years. In 1914, the Hotel Brunswick was torn down and C. Emlen Urban took on the task to design the new building.

While in the Preservation trust, after an hour or two of browsing I decided to focus my research on the hotel Brunswick and analyze its blueprint. From the original architectural drawing I was able to determine that this building was constructed in a trabeated post-and-lintel style. This is very similar to the Greist tower that I had originally wanted to study. The trabeated construction suggests that the building was designed with a divisive plan. The building is an overall rectangular shape with rooms and other pieces cut out of the rectangular design.  This is expected and seen in many buildings with a symmetric design. Like the Greist tower and many other large, tall buildings, the symmetric divisive plan is the best way to maximize space and allow for a large strong standing building. The Hotel Brunswick would have been constructed using steel beams to follow the post-and-lintel design. If you look between the windows in the blueprints, you can see where the steel beams would be located under the stone façade of the building. The virtical and horizontal symmetry of the windows allows for beams to travel vertical and horizontal between them, while never being seen from any point of the building. The bottom floor of Urban’s design incorporates many beux-art elements and is very aesthetically pleasing to those who view this level from the ground floor. From the bottom floor, the next 6 floors are fairly basic symmetric windows with little creativity. This relates to the Utilitas of the building which is used to house many people in a small area. This part of the hotel has hundreds of rooms devised out of the rectangular shape. From the work that I plan to do and research on the hotel Brunswick, I would like to create a 3 dimensional model of the building and then relate its aesthetic beauty and significance to Lancaster during the time it stood. The Hotel Brunswick was a long standing significant hotel until it was demolished in the year 1966. I will take the architectural documents and other photos of this building to recreate it 3 dimensionally and bring it back to life in Lancaster during the 1920s.

Elevation plan


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