Klein reading


Between 1891 and 1911, Lancaster underwent a massive transformation. Lancaster changed from a small town to a bustling city of steam and steal.  Architects needed to accommodate for the tribulations and progressions that came hand in hand with this rapid urbanization and industrialization.

Early 20th century Lancaster businesses were expanding at rapid rates. A severe example of this rapid growth was the Krieder and Company shoe manufacturers who went from producing 200 to 2500 pairs of shoes a day. With this kind of exponential growth the building that enterprises were asking from architects had much more extreme needs in utilitas. One example that comes to mind is Keppel’s Wholesale Confectionery.  The building required multiple functions and so the architect (C. Emlen Urban) divided the building into two separate entities, a factory section and an administrative section. This is just one way that the increased utilitas demands were met.

Early 20th century Lancaster population was increasing so rapidly that the water works system wasn’t capable of purifying all the city’s water (117). The rising population spurred the need for increased housing and caused the real estate business to blossom. One point we have noted in many of the buildings we have looked at were the residential units on the upper floors. This certainly related to the booming real estate business of the early 20th century.

The article also talked about buildings increasing exterior appeal (pg. 130) to draw in more costumers. It was likely more difficult to stand apart in this increasingly energetic environment. This is likely why buildings like Shaub’s exposed almost their entire store with a two-story window to draw more customers in.

The major point I took away from this article was that as the city began to flourish and industrialize the buildings took on more functions and the architecture had to grapple this new utilitas by ch


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