West Orange Street 2-26


West Orange Street 2-26

(1886, 1891, 1912, 1929, Present)

I examined half a block on West Orange Street in Lancaster. The buildings currently occupying the space on these street have almost all existed in some form since 1886. All of the buildings were originally built using brick. However since they were built a majority of them have been altered reflecting the changing needs of the owners.


2 – 6 West Orange Street

In 1886 the space at these addresses contained a single three-story brick building that functioned as a barbershop. In 1891-1912 the building remained the same structurally, however it is unclear from the maps whether it was still a barbershop. In the 1929 map the three-story building was connected to a two-story building directly behind the original building. Today the building has been converted into part of a restaurant/lounge and is still brick material.

8– 10 West Orange Street

In 1886 the building that occupies this space was a three-story brick building that  was divided into two equal halves. It was connected to the building at 2 – 6 West Orange Street. From 1886-1891 the right half of the building (when looking at the facade from the street) occupies the same function, but the writing on the maps is unreadable. On the 1912 and 1929 maps the right most section serves as an office.  Presently the building is part of the same restaurant/lounge.  In 1886-1891 there was a one-story building directly behind the left section of the building and a two-story building behind the one-story building. In 1912 the length of the one-story building doubled, and the structure of the two-story building remained the same.  The structure of the two buildings has remained unchanged since then.  In 1886 there was a small alleyway in between 10 and 12 West Orange Street. The alleyway remained unchanged throughout the other time periods and remains the same today.

12 – 16 West Orange Street

In 1886-1891 the building occupying these addresses remains unchanged. It is unclear how many stories this building was or what its function was throughout this time period. In the 1912 map, the building was extended backwards and was four stories high. The building was a pharmacy in 1912. In 1929 the building had been converted into office space, but the structure appeared to remain unchanged. On the 1929 map the building is made out of brick and is 56 feet tall.  Currently the first story of the building serves as a pottery shop. The outside of the building has been redone and is now made out of white stone, which contrasts the red brick building next to it.  The façade of the building contains ornate carving under the windows.

18 – 20West Orange Street.

In 1886 there were two equal length brick three-story buildings in the space of these addresses. Two narrower connected building extend behind both buildings.  In 1891 the structures of all of the buildings are the same the two buildings in back appear to be no longer connected to the front buildings. It is possible this is because the buildings were undergoing constructing at this time. In 1912 both front buildings had been renovated and were then four stories tall. They were also connected to each other. The building at 18 West Orange Street had a three-story building in back of it and in back of that building is a smaller four-story building. The 1929 map shows no structural change to the buildings. Currently at 18 West Orange Street there is a small café called “Muffin Street”. At 20 West Orange Street there is a Citadel Bank. The out side of the building is still brick, but it has been painted over with reddish purple paint.

22-24 West Orange Street

In 1886 a two-story brick building occupied the space at this address. In 1891 the building remained structurally unchanged. In 1912 the building was modified so that it was four stories tall. Based on the map the original building appeared to be divided up into two separate structures. From the 1929 map I saw that the building was once again one structure and that it was 46 feet tall. Additionally a one-story building had been built directly behind the front building. The one-story building was connected to a two-story building that existed on the 1886 map. Currently, the first story of the building has a glass window front and is open for lease. The rest of the building is still made out of brick, but it is painted the same red purple color as the building on 18-20 West Orange Street.

26 West Orange Street

In 1886 a three-story brick building occupied the space at this address. This is building remained almost completely unchanged and appeared almost structurally identical in 1929.  Currently the building looks very different than it did in in 1929. The façade of the building is made out of white stone. However, the side of building provides us with a glimpse at what the building would have looked like many years ago. The side of the building is not covered in stone; the original brick material remains. Observations like these allow us to visualize what a city block would have looked like many years ago.


2-10 West Orange Street.


The old red brick building occupying the space at this location is a picturesque building.  Its additive structure is asymmetrical and helps conform to the need of the building. Unlike the other buildings on the street this restaurant/lounge has made no attempt to disguise its red brick façade. Although a restaurant owner would usually want their building to exude comfort and hospitality, the building reminds me more of a industrial type of building. Sporadic medium sized rectangular windows dot the façade of the building and provide natural light to the customers. However, the windows are either covered up or are opaque.



12-16 West Orange Street

Although this tall building is made out of red brick, the façade was constructed of a type of white stone that strongly contrasts the red brick building beside it. The building is formal as evidenced by its symmetrical shape and placement of windows. The top three floors have very large rectangular windows. The windows on the second floors have ornate decorative arches on top of them. The building has a flat roof; however there is a cornice. The ground floor is occupied by a pottery shop, and has a glass storefront that attempts to coerce customers to shop there. Four decorative columns at the front of the building help support the structure. These many decorative features are characteristics of classical style buildings.


18-20 West Orange Street

The building that occupy the space at this symmetrical and is has many of the characteristics of a formal building. Bricks painted a reddish purple color line the entirety of the façade. Widows are symmetrically across the top three floors providing natural light to the space enclosed inside. The windows on the second floor have arch shaped decorative features on them. These windows along with the cornice are aspects of classical architecture that are fairly common on this half block. On the ground floors glass storefronts help attract customers to the bank that occupies the storefront.


22-24 West Orange Street

This Symmetrical formal building is almost Identical to the building at 18-20 West Orange Street. However, it does have one marquee difference. In center of the first floor there is and arch that also serves as an entrance. The entrance is very eye-catching and is another example of the classical style of architecture. The arch could also possibly serve a structural purpose based on its placement. The architect wanted to design a unique entrance to attract customers to the storefront.


26 West Orange Street

The façade of building at this location was constructed out of white stones that contrast with many of the other surrounding buildings. Compared to the adjacent buildings the façade of this building is relatively plain. A distinctive feature of this building is the three huge black windows that contrast the white stone. Overall the buildings on my half block were building that drew much of their aesthetic features singularly from their facades.


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