North Prince St. 2-30

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North Prince 2-30

My task in the exercise was to examine the Northern face of Prince Street in Lancaster, Pennsylvania from a 1929 Sanborn Fire Insurance map found in our library archives. I have researched and created a 3D model of this city block located at the corner of King and North Prince Street. In 1929, there were fairly small buildings in the region, besides the Fulton Opera House, which took up a majority of the landscape on this specific block. Located on the Sanborn Map, North Prince Street consisted of commercial bay brick buildings, most of them were apartments or retail stores. The buildings along this block consisted of a flat roof, parapeted roofline, and polygonal windows on the second floor with tripartite windows on the first floor. The buildings all originate from stone foundations. Later in my research, I then looked at the Sanborn maps from 1886, 1891 and 1912 to compare these dates with the 1929 map to create a chronology of the architectural developments.

The Sanborn map from 1886 shows many differences from the map in 1929. Architecture buildings 12-30 demonstrate most of the differences on North Prince in the year 1886. The Fulton Opera House is known as Fulton Hall in this year and is nearly half its size. The front portion of the building in 1929 does not even exist in this map only the back half of the building appears present. An addition may have been put on in the later years to expand the property due to its attractions. Buildings 18-30 are also missing significant chunks of their building in the map of 1886. Shown in the map of 1929, you can see additions were put on these buildings as well, the new space added to these buildings were used for extra apartment building and excess space for retail stores. Many of the building in the 1929 map stretch back to the edge of North Water St, in the 1886 map, there appears to be a vacant lot behind buildings 18-30.

In the map from 1891, many of the building appear to be very similar to the architectural buildings shown in the map of 1886 besides a few minor adjustments. Fulton Hall is now known as the Fulton Opera House, but still remains the same exact dimensions. Behind buildings 18-26 in the 1891 map, it appears that a few tiny office building may have been constructed to accommodate for all of the action taking place inside the Fulton Opera House. The buildings to the right of the block, 26-30, all appear the same in the architectural design without any noticeable advancement.

The map of 1912 closely resembles the one from 1929 out of all three maps we have broken down and analyzed. The Fulton Opera House appears to have a frontal addition added to the building, allowing it to take up a vast majority of North Prince Street and extending all the way back to the edge of North Water St. Buildings 18-30 have also acquired additions, making them stretch from North Prince St. to North Water St. as well. Where there was once plenty of open space behind these buildings now lays additions to expand the building size. The offices that were inserted in the year 1891 appear to be gone because it was in the way of the additions of buildings 18-26.

The present day block of North Prince Street surprisingly does not seem to have many changes from the 18 and 19 century. Many of the buildings still have the same layout as they did in the Sanborn map from the year 1912. The Fulton Opera House is still located exactly in the same spot but now has become the Fulton Theatre for live shows. At the beginning of the block, building number 2, what use to be living area is now a boy scout’s arena. Building number 30 use to be a retail store in the late 18th and early 19th century is now a Firestone Auto store. Although these buildings may have been taken over by many different owners over these years, the architecture of the buildings are still intact and appear as they did hundreds of years ago.

2- North Prince

The venustas of the first building on the block is very old time looking. The exterior of the building appears to be made of concrete which enable us to judge the age of this building. The frontal staircases of the building show this old school look demonstrating what traditional Lancaster use to look like. The bottom section of this building looks like it was used as a store and the top was used for living arrangements. The beauty of this building is also that it can be used for multi purposes for living and occupational purposes. The rooftop of this building has a unique structure, incorporating two windows with a pavilion type rooftop.

4-6-North Prince

The venustas of the second building on the block has a boxlike structure and is made from brick. The beauty of this building is also its ability to be used for two different purposes. This building also has a very unique roof structure. The color of the roof almost matches the color the brick on the building which gives it a nice matching effect. The brick on this building is also a lot cleaner than its surrounding buildings which enable us to determine the age of the building.

12-14 North Prince

The venustas of the Fulton Theater is the most beautiful on the entire block, and is also the biggest building on the block. The Fulton Theater has a Greek, cathedral type look to it with its tall arc window structure and the grouped window pattern. The overhang above the sidewalk is also very old giving this building the traditional Lancaster look and the old time theater vibe. The roof structure on this building is also very beautiful, many of the buildings on this block have similar pavilion like rooftop. The peaked rooftop also makes this building dominant on the block because it is the first attraction to the naked eye of the citizens.

22 North Prince

The venustas of this building is also very unique in terms of the other buildings surrounding it. The first thing I take notice to is the balconies outside each of the double windows. The balconies give the building a more townie feeling being exposed to the public on the side walk. This is another building in which the roof structure is very different from many of the other buildings in Lancaster. This building is a bit more modern and has a more modern type roof structure. The odd roof structure is strictly for decoration while the brick works as the roof.

26-28 North Prince

The venustas of this building is also very traditional in the way the windows are shaped with the structure of the brick. The windows are square and boxlike, but the brick design around the windows is in the form of an arc. This is another building that can be used for occupational purposed on the bottom and for living arrangements above, the beauty is found in the purpose of the building. Also, like other buildings on this block, the rooftop has is pavilion look which not many other blocks have in terms of beauty and structure.


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