40-54 East Orange Street

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Map Analysis

40-42 East Orange Street

In 1886, 40 East Orange Street was established as the location of the First Reformed Church of Lancaster, PA.  The church still is located on this block to this day. The structure has maintained its large presence, as it occupied approximately a third of the north face of the block.  A room located in the back left area of the church was added-on sometime between the years of 1897 and 1912.  Additionally, between these same years, construction may have been done to extend the top level (or roof) of the church upwards.

44 East Orange Street

This building was kept as a residence from 1886 – 1929.  However, between the years of 1897 and 1912, the backroom was expanded.  Three rooms were added sometime between 1897 and 1912 to the left side of the structure..  During that same year, the building served as a parsonage, or housing for the pastor (presumably for the First Reformed Church).   The structure is still intact and still serves as a residential building.

46 East Orange Street

46 East Orange was an entirely separate building from 44 East Orange in 1886 with a similar structure in 1891.  Between 1891 and 1897, the building was reconstructed and split into two separate buildings.  The result was a conjoined structure that ranged from 44 to 50 East Orange. Rooms were rearranged such that the back of the building was longer with more stories than originally designed.  Finally, in 1929, another addition was made to the southern portion of the building, which then contained office space.  The front building was three stories high, where as the other rooms were lower in height.  The structure does not exist today.

48 East Orange Street

A structure did not occupy the space of 48 East Orange in neither 1886 nor 1891.  In 1897, as mentioned before, construction was done so that a 46 and 48 East Orange were connected.  The building served as a dwelling between the years of 1886 and 1929.  The structure does not exist currently.

50 East Orange Street

This structure was designated as a residence through the years of 1886 and 1929.  One note of mention is the room located in the southern most part of the building.  The room was expanded in both width and height between 1891 and 1897.  However, sometime between 1897 and 1912, the room was demolished and another room was added on the left side of the structure.  The structure no longer exists, as room was made for a parking lot / garage for the neighboring courthouse.

52 East Orange Street

Up until 1929, 52 East Orange Street did not exist.  The address was created after the expansion to the neighboring Pennsylvania Business & Shorthand College.  The structure was made separate from the college between the years of 1912 and 1929.  The structure no longer exists.

54 East Orange Street

54 East Orange Street was established as St. Paul’s Reformed Church until 1912, when it was converted into Pennsylvania Business & Shorthand College.   An additional room was constructed sometime between 1912 and 1929, and its function changed to house office space.  Presently, the structure serves as the Lancaster County Courthouse.

Venustas on Main Street

The features of the First Reformed Christ Church include multiple columns that surround the second floor window.  The structure also contains arcuated designs, which can be found on the doorways, windows, and spires.  The spire-like structures at the top give off a castle aged feel, which is what the architect probably wanted people to think of.  Religion, in the architects eyes, is equally as important as castles used to be. The facade was built using brick, giving it a reddish hue that blends in with neighboring buildings.

This building gives off a residential feel.  It is communicating to the passerby that the structure was built to serve as an abode.  However, the flags that are mounted dictate that it presently has a different function.  The building’s brick facade and windows align with the symmetrical design.  Wooden window shutters compliment the Colonial style look, as well as the covered porch area to the right of the building, which is supported by typical columns.

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